2004年03月24日

英国外務省のHuman Rights Report 2003が,イスラエルを非難していた。

いやー,暗殺された日とその翌日は「どうなっちゃうんだろう」だったけど,今日辺りになると「ありえないだろう!」になりましたね。国連決議も某超大国のvetoでナシだっていうし,まったくもー。

が,某超大国のvetoってことは,英はどうしたのかなあとか気になる。(←ただの習慣。)

ヤシン師暗殺についてはストロー外相が「不法である」などと強い言葉で非難した(P-naviさん記事うちの過去記事)。

んで,今日,たまたま19日のピルジャー記事を見てみたら(日本語化ファイル),
最新の人権報告(human rights report)において,(英国の)外務省は,《中略》イスラエルを批判している。
In its current human rights report, the Foreign Office criticises Israel ...

という一節がありまして。

英国が公的なレポートでイスラエルを批判!知らんかったー。ということで……。英外務省(Foreign Office)が「人権レポート(Human Rights Report)」を毎年出していたということすら知らなかった(<おいおい……)。どうやら98年から開始されてたらしい。98年と言えばEU統合ががんがん進んで人やモノの行き来が自由化されてたころだ。EUは人権は明文化して尊重してるので,その関係で英国でも始まったんじゃないだろうか。

それはさておき。

Human Rights Annual Report 2003
www.fco.gov.ukのhuman rightsのページ,chapter 1より,1.13, Israel and the Occupied Territoriesを,Crown Copyrightで「国外での複製は非営利ならOK」みたいなことが書いてある文書なので,該当部分をすべて貼り付けておきます。

It is nearly three years since the start of the Al Aqsa intifada in September 2000 and the past year has again seen violence and hardship on both sides of the conflict. Both Israel and the Palestinian terrorist groups have shown a worrying disregard for human rights. By the end of the 1,000th day of the intifada, 26 June 2003, 797 Israelis and 2,601 Palestinians had lost their lives to the violence perpetrated by both sides and many more had been injured. The Israel Defence Forces' (IDF) reoccupation of the West Bank and Gaza continued to restrict freedom of movement of people and goods. As a consequence, the Palestinian economy continued its steep decline and the humanitarian situation worsened.
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Both parties have committed themselves to implement the obligations laid down in the Quartet (US, EU, UN and Russia) roadmap for peace, which was published on 30 April 2003. The roadmap sets out a series of parallel steps to be taken by both sides towards a permanent settlement in 2005, leading to two states - Israel and Palestine - living side-by-side in peace. Greater attention to human rights concerns is an important part of this process. Israel and the Palestinian Authority resumed political negotiations and security co-operation. Israel recommended the transfer of tax revenues owed to the Palestinian Authority, and there was limited improvement on freedom of movement in the Occupied Territories in July. Palestinian institutional reform is progressing. On 29 June three Palestinian militant factions declared a ceasefire. Levels of violence in June and July fell considerably. But the suicide bombing on a bus in Jerusalem on 19 August, in which 19 Israelis lost their lives, demonstrates that the peace and security that both peoples deserve can be achieved only if the momentum of improvements can be sustained.
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Appalling acts of terrorism targeted at Israeli citizens, including suicide bombings, continued throughout the year. One of the worst of these was a double suicide bombing in Tel Aviv on 5 January 2003 in which 16 Israelis and six foreign nationals were killed. Many more were injured. Other suicide bombings targeted public transport: terrorist attacks on Israeli buses killed 90 people in the last year, including those killed in the Jerusalem bus bombing on 19 August. The Foreign Secretary Jack Straw has said that "every suicide bombing, as well as being an outrageous loss of life, which is totally unjustified, sets back the cause of peace in the Middle East". Palestinian militants continued to launch rocket attacks on Israeli settlements and towns, and Israeli settlers have come under fire from Palestinian gunmen. We utterly condemn such horrific terrorist attacks.
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We support Israel's right, within international law, to protect its citizens, but we remain deeply concerned at the impact that the continuing Israeli occupation and the associated Israeli military operations have had on the lives of ordinary Palestinians. Throughout the Occupied Territories, military action continues to lead to many civilian casualties. Israel has continued its policy of assassinations, contrary to international law. According to an Israeli human rights organisation, at least 188 Palestinians have been killed during assassination operations since the second intifada began, of whom 78 were civilian bystanders, including women and children. Further Palestinian casualties resulted from the use of excessive force during Israeli incursions. Israel continues to hold approximately 1,000 Palestinians, including minors, in administrative detention (held in custody without being charged). We welcome moves by the Israeli government in August 2003 to release a number of these detainees along with other prisoners in a confidence building measure. But those remaining in administrative detention should be charged or released.
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The continuing closure and curfew regimes imposed by the IDF are having a devastating impact on the humanitarian situation in the Occupied Territories. The Israeli government insists closures and curfews are a necessary security precaution and have prevented terrorist attacks in Israel. However, their effect on the Palestinian population has been one of collective punishment. Towns have been under curfew or closed for weeks at a time, severely restricting the movement of people and goods. As a result the Palestinian economy has been devastated, unemployment has soared and the humanitarian situation has deteriorated. This process has been further exacerbated by the destruction of Palestinian property, in some cases as a collective punishment. Infrastructure and cultivated land have also been destroyed. This is particularly evident in the impact of construction of the Israeli security wall on the West Bank.
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The humanitarian crisis has been compounded by difficulties faced by international and Palestinian humanitarian and medical agencies trying to deliver aid. There is little to indicate that recommendations made by the UN Secretary-General's humanitarian envoy in August 2002 to improve the humanitarian situation have been put in practice, despite Israel's commitment to do so.
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Four Britons lost their lives or were seriously injured as a result of the continuing crisis over the last year. Yoni Jesner was a victim of a horrifying suicide bomb on a bus in Tel Aviv on 19 September. Iain Hook, an engineer working on United Nations Relief and Works Agency's reconstruction project in Jenin, was shot by the IDF on the UN compound where he worked on 22 November 2002. Thomas Hurndall, a peace activist, was shot in Rafah, Gaza, on 11 April 2003 while trying to shield Palestinian children from gunfire. James Miller, a British journalist, was shot and killed in Gaza on 2 May, while filming the destruction of Palestinian homes. We have been appalled by all these incidents. Foreign Secretary Jack Straw made it clear to the Israeli foreign minister that we expect full and transparent inquiries to be conducted into the circumstances of the shootings. While the Israeli inquiry into Mr Hook's death is now complete, we continue to lobby the Israeli government on behalf of the families of Tom Hurndall and James Miller. On 14 July the Prime Minister Tony Blair raised both cases with the Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, during his visit to London, and called for a full and transparent investigation into the IDF shootings to be carried out by the Israeli military police. We have lobbied for the IDF rules of engagement to be tightened to help prevent further civilian deaths, and that full inquiries should be carried out where operations lead to civilian casualties, resulting in appropriate punishment for members of the IDF found to have been at fault.
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The Palestinian Authority must do all it can to prevent terrorist attacks against Israel, and bring those responsible to justice. We have called on the Palestinian Authority to pursue reforms aimed at improving its effectiveness against terrorism, including reform of the security services. We judge that it could have done more throughout the year. We therefore welcome the pledges made by the Palestinian Prime Minister Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) at the Aqaba summit on 4 June to take action to do so, and to stop the armed groups who bring terror to Israel. The UK and international partners continue to offer support and practical assistance to the Palestinian Authority as it institutes the necessary reforms to do this.
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The Palestinian Authority must also improve its human rights record in respect of its treatment of ordinary Palestinians. Since the beginning of the intifada, at least 29 Palestinians have been murdered for suspected collaboration with the Israeli authorities.
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The Palestinian Authority continues to maintain the death penalty, although there have been no formal executions over the last year. On 18 and 19 October 2002 the Palestinian security courts in Gaza city and Khan Yunis passed the death sentence against two individuals, Walid Hamdiyeh al-Shujaeyeh and Ameen Khakef Allah, accused of collaboration.
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The UK maintains a policy of constructive engagement with Israel and the Palestinian Authority in an effort to prevent human rights violations. Bilaterally, and with EU partners, we have in ministerial discussions, démarches and public statements urged both sides to ensure all possible measures are taken to prevent civilian casualties. We have also called on the Israeli government to ease movement restrictions in the Occupied Territories, allow unfettered access for international aid agencies and ensure access to basic services, such as health and education, are not disrupted. Other issues raised with the Israeli government include assassinations, Palestinians held in administrative detention, and the destruction of Palestinian land and property.
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We are playing a full part in international efforts to help the Palestinian Authority build democratic institutions and a sound civil administration. The Foreign Secretary hosted a meeting on Palestinian reform on 14 January in London in support of this. Progress made on financial reform includes steps to improve financial accountability. An action plan for public administration and civil service reform has been developed with UK assistance and we are supporting its implementation, with the objective of strengthening the rule of law.
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We played a central role in the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 1435 (2002) which calls for Israeli withdrawal from Palestinian cities, a meaningful ceasefire and for the Palestinian Authority to bring those responsible for terrorist attacks to justice, leading to the resumption of political negotiations.
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The UK Government continues to support a range of practical initiatives aimed at improving respect for human rights in Israel and the Occupied Territories. Through the Human Rights Project Fund we have supported projects aimed at promoting children's and disabled rights, human rights education, and awareness of human rights by the Palestinian police.
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The continuing cycle of violence has played out against a new international consensus on the need for a political solution to the conflict, reflected in the publication of the Quartet roadmap. Improving human rights is inextricably linked to progress on the political and security situation, and we firmly believe, therefore, that the road map offers the best opportunity for peace and means to improve human rights in the area. We urge both parties to build on the initial steps they have taken to implement the roadmap.
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We consider all export licence applications to Israel on a case-by-case basis against the consolidated EU and national arms export licensing criteria. We take account of Israeli military actions in the Occupied Territories in our export licensing decisions and keep the situation under close review. The outbreak of the intifada, the continued Israeli incursions in the Occupied Territories and the breach of Israel's 2000 assurance that UK-originated equipment would not be used in the Occupied Territories, have all been factored into the UK Government's export licensing policy. The UK has one of the most responsible and transparent arms export licensing systems of any country.


……な,なが〜〜〜い!

とりあえず,過去に記事に書いたことにもろに関係するところは太字にしましたが,それだけでいっぱいいっぱいです。

なお,19日付けのピルジャー記事には「英国から(拘束や拷問に用いる)足枷や電気ショックのベルト,および生物化学兵器のエージェントがイスラエルに売られている」という一節があったのですが,そこらへんは複数ソースで確認したいと思ってます。どなたか「たまたま記事見た」という方がおられたら,コメントでURLを教えていただけると幸いです。

(上記に引用したものの最終パラグラフとの整合性が気になっています。足枷や電気ショックのベルトはarms export licensingに関係するのかどうか,調べないとさっぱりわからないのですが,人権という見地からはやっぱりおかしいし,生物化学兵器のエージェントとなるとおそらくはarmsとして制限されているのではないかと思われるのですが,こういうことは素人の推論では歯が立ちませんのです。)

なお,上記引用文の引用元であるwww.fco.gov.ukのhuman rightsのページには,98年〜02年のレポートへのリンクがあります。逐一読み比べるなどの作業ができるといいなあと思っております。しかし長い……。
posted by nofrills at 22:30| todays_news_from_uk | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする
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